Kenyan Braised Collard Greens and Ground Beef (Sukuma Wiki) Sukuma wiki is the Swahili name for collard greens which translates to “push/stretch the week”. Higher levels of pH make manganese unavailable to the plant, leading to yellowing of leaves. Incidentally, sukuma wiki means “to push the week” which implies sukuma wiki is a food used to stretch the meals to last for the week. Collard greens are widely used in Africa as the leafy green vegetable of choice for sukuma wiki, but kale, and cassava leaves can also be used. A great and nutritious win for busy mamas. Sukuma wiki is a staple in many East African countries like Kenya, Burundi, and Tanzania. She learned how to transplant the seedlings and to make organic fertilizers and manure, among other agricultural skills. Mfalme F1, by east african seeds company, has a long harvesting period, and the leaves are not acidic when cooked, making it a preferred choice among people with ulcers. In East Africa they use collards to stretch out a meal so it lasts the whole week, so as you can imagine this dish is very economical. This traditional recipe is simple to prepare and uses few ingredients, but the finished dish is extremely tasty and satisfying! There is this sukuma called kogoro in Kikuyu language would you be knowing its English name it's not bitter and forms many branches . Before uprooting seedlings from the nursey, water them at least an hour before transplanting. Sukuma wiki literally means ‘to push the week’ in Kenya’s national language, Kiswahili, which is spoken throughout Kenya. The Collard Greens seedlings will be about 4 weeks old. Well distributed Rainfall of 350-500mm is ideal. The optimum temperature range is between 17 degrees Celsius and 22 degrees celsius. It is a form of a cabbage where green leaves do not form a head. Collard greens are available all year round in these regions, which makes them easily affordable. KARI Improved Kienyeji / Karlo Improved Kienyeji Breed Information and management. Beans and peas are very good for your soil as they add Nitrogen. Thousand headed is still a hybrid though I dislike it at a personal level because of leaf color inthe hot seasons, you can try the southern Georgia Collard, or if you have enough capital you can try out Mfalme F1 or continental seed Collards they are high yielding and respond quickly to irrigation incase of a dry season. This will allow you to take care of the seedlings without having to step onto the nursery. Very resourceful, It is done when the leaves are the size of your hand. You can follow him on twitter here. If you are sowing in an area with heavy rainfall or heavy soils, it is recommended that you raise the nursery bed in order to prevent waterlogging. Sunlight will kill some of the pests. But his main money maker is sukuma wiki which he supplies to the village and beyond in Rarieda. If growing in hot areas, make a shed of 1 metre high. Your sukuma wiki/spinach should be ready for harvesting in 3-4 weeks after transplanting, harvest in the mornings or evening. Sukuma Wiki can grow nearly in any climatic condition, provided water is available. Growing vegetables provides nutrition, In this kind of environment, take cuttings at least one month before the first hard frost (or use prunings), flat them and keep them in a greenhouse to overwinter; one month after the last hard frost in the spring, transplant the cuttings. Sukuma wiki Last updated January 14, 2020 Ugali and sukuma wiki A bundle of sukuma (collard greens). For a nursery you can use a container (20-litre jerrican cut into two), alternatively, the top of your gunia-which now has a circular patch of stones surrounded by soil, will act as your nursery. If you want to go organic, you can make your own plant tea by soaking leaves of the tithonia plant (nicknamed African sunflower), or/and pawpaw leaves, in a bucket of water for two weeks, keep on stirring the mixture every three days to add oxygen which is needed for decomposition (this mixture will smell like cow urine so put it away from your windows). One of the real Kenyan staples. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. SUKUMA WIKI In Congo and in East Africa (Tanzania and Kenya), the plant is referred to by the generic name of sukuma wiki, which literally translates as stretch the week. Thank you. Since sukuma wiki and spinach are in the same family, they require the same environmental conditions to grow; they take a similar amount of time to mature, in addition to being attacked by the same pests. From Seedlings to Profits, Choosing the right solar powered irrigation system, Potch Koekoek Chicken Breed Characteristics and Management, Sasso Chicken Breeds Details and Management Information. Mix well-decomposed manure and DAP fertilizer with the soil in the nursery. It produces many heads, making it yield more leaves. Sukuma wiki is an East African dish made with collard greens, known as sukuma, cooked with onions and spices. “I have tried tomatoes, cabbages, solanum (osuga), spider plant (dek) and bananas. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Once the seeds germinate, thin the seedlings to 2 to 3 centimeters apart to avoid competition for nutrients and space. Harden the seedlings by reducing the amount of water given, one week to the transplanting day. Sukuma Wiki is a Swahili expression which can be translated to mean “stretching the week” (stretching food to last the week) and feeding a family day by day. Closer to the wild cabbage, than he domesticated cabbage,  Collard Greens is common in Kenya by 90% of small scale farmers. Since sukuma wiki and spinach are in the same family, they require the same environmental conditions to grow; they take a similar amount of time to mature, in addition to being attacked by the same pests. It produces many heads, making it yield more leaves. It has short spaces between the nodes, developing many leaves per internode. Sukuma and spinach seeds have to be grown in a nursery for four weeks before being transplanted to the garden. Because it is cheap but nutritious, sukuma wiki has become a lifeline for millions of people living in Kenya. The english name for Sukuma Wiki is Collard Greens. In Kenya, the leafy plant, colewort is more commonly called sukuma wiki, and is often referred to as collard greens. In reply to Which is the best sukuma… by John kyungu, Plant Mfalme F1 or the F1 breed from Continental seed company you'll harvest so much. Prepare the land early enough so as to expose the soil to pests to sunlight and birds. Using a knife, make holes around the gunia 30 cm from each other, when you are done with one row it should look a circle of holes around the gunia. Thousand Headed Sukuma Wiki is usually ready for harvest 60 days after planting. Great guide.contented n ready to try implementing it. Sukuma wiki Last updated January 14, 2020 Ugali and sukuma wiki A bundle of sukuma (collard greens). Within 4 weeks after transplanting, meaning about 8 weeks after planting the seeds, Sukuma Wiki will be ready for harvest. Collard greens done right! Swahili is the most commonly spoken language in Africa, with around 5 million people speaking Swahili as a native language and over 100 million more as a second language. “I have tried tomatoes, cabbages, solanum (osuga), spider plant (dek) and bananas. Growing your own food is a great way to take control of your nutrition and since sukuma wiki is a staple in Kenya, here is how you can grow it with limited space in your backyard. Weeds will be detrimental to sukuma wiki and affect your yield, as they compete for nutrients and water with the sukuma wiki plants. I will from today… by Patrick Masitsa, Which type of sukuma wiki from East African seed may be favourite in eastern Uganda especially in bugiri district. You need to be in the garden all the time and this is what I have been doing since I started this business. [1] It is often served and eaten with ugali (made from maize flour). Please let us know which varieties you would like us to compare. You will get healthy Sukuma Wiki only when you maintain care from a young age. It’s a flavorful mix of hearty greens with enough oomph and flavor to carry a meal, even if the budget for meat has run out. Alternatively, you can also use the teabags on your potted plants you have around the house. In this recipe, I have sautéed collard greens in palm oil. Ecological Requirements of growing Sukuma Wiki. Sukuma Wiki Harvesting is done manually, by handpicking. This video demonstrate how to harvest healthy and clean sukuma wiki from the farm. The vegetable has a ready market, it is easy to grow and cook, thus making it a favourite for both consumers and farmers. Fill it with small pebbles-you can use the ‘kokoto’ used in construction and continue adding soil around it up to the top; gently remove the tin leaving the stones in the middle. The father of six children, however, says growing such crops requires a lot of supervision and labour. Collard greens are widely used in Africa as the leafy green vegetable of choice for sukuma wiki, but kale, and cassava leaves can also be used. Mix well with the soil, Top dress with CAN in the nursery. In the nursery, prepare drills across the beds at a spacing of 10 to 15 centimetres apart and 2 centimeters deep. By Value Magazine Team on 10 January 2020 at 06:26 am, Please make your comments as descriptive as possible. It takes a short time to mature and most varieties can be harvested several times before the need to plant again. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Healthy sukuma wiki harvested from backyard http://www.farmerstrend.co.ke/what-you-need-to-know-about-growing-kale-sukuma-wiki/. Sukuma Wiki (Kale) Lastly is kale which is the most common vegetable belonging to the cruciferous cabbage family. Collards Southern Georgia by Royal Seeds Kenya is a drought-tolerant Sukuma Wiki variety, with the yield potential of 6000kgs per acre. Sukuma wiki is the nickname of a green leafy vegetable eaten in Kenya. Developed by, Mfalme F1, by east african seeds company, has a long harvesting period, and the leaves are not acidic when cooked, making it a preferred choice among people with ulcers. Sukuma Wiki, the local Kiswahili name refers to pushing or extending the weekly food budget. A soil test is encouraged before planting sukuma wiki, because too much of some nutrients, especially CAN, can lead to loose heads or no head formed at all. Remove any perennial weeds before planting. But his main money maker is sukuma wiki which he supplies to the village and beyond in Rarieda. “Sukuma wiki is the best vegetable for farmers in sugarcane areas, and for farmers other areas facing similar cash flow challenges. When preparing the land for growing Sukuma Wiki, make sure the ploughing is deep, allowing for faster and better root development. You’ll see the outcome in the way people will be rushing to place orders. Sukuma wiki For non Kenyans : sukuma wiki is a kale, a tall cabbage plant. Sukuma Wiki Super Seed Smallholder vegetable production is an important engine for economic growth in peri-urban areas of East and southern Africa. Urban Farming: Here Is How To Grow Healthy Sukuma Wiki And Spinach In Your Backyard […], […] more ideas on what you can plant in urban farming Here is How To Grow Healthy Sukuma Wiki And Spinach In Your Backyard Facebook […]. Urban agriculture can be done using very little space, Four Things You Can Grow In Your Backyard/Balcony And Everything You Need To Grow Them Successfully, […] If your lucky enough to have some space to grow a few plants and flowers just to make things colourful and natural, then used teabags should come in handy. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'value_co_ke-medrectangle-4','ezslot_7',110,'0','0'])); For optimum yield, Sukuma Wiki requires enough water during its growing period. It ready for harvest between 45 to 60 days and can be harvested throughout one year after the first harvest. Sukuma Wiki requires at least 6 hours of direct sunlight. Sukuma Wiki is a traditional dish found in many East African countries. Sukuma Wiki can grow nearly in any climatic condition, provided water is available. What does Sukuma Wiki mean? The nitrogen attracts good bacteria which really helps fertilize the soil. Sukuma Wiki requires at least 6 hours of direct sunlight. I will from today become a better collards green farmer. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'value_co_ke-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',109,'0','0'])); With good tolerance to the diamond black moth, the Sukuma Siku Hybrid Sukuma Wiki yields curled soft leaves, with good flavour and can be harvested for between 6 and 9 months after the first harvest. Mix dry manure into the soil and run a stick or your finger across the soil, creating ridges half an inch deep and 15 centimetres apart from each other. How to Grow Spinach. PS: You should only bury the plant about to a half an inch from the roots. This is a vegetable that most households grow if they have the space, and it is also cheap to buy, highly nutricious and delicious. The name means "pushing out the week". Sukuma Wiki is rich in beta carotene, vitamin K, vitamin C, lutein, zeaxanthin, roughage, iron and calcium. Thank you, In reply to Thank you. Sukuma and spinach seeds have to be grown in a nursery for four weeks before being transplanted to the garden. It has short spaces between the nodes, developing many leaves per internode. It produces dark green leaves. Sukuma wiki is a staple in many East African countries like Kenya, Burundi, and Tanzania. Sukuma Wiki Recipe. Besides vegetables such as spinach, onions and sukuma wiki, one can also plant strawberries in the garden. It also increases soil structure and drainage properties of the soil. Sukuma wiki means “stretch the week” as this dish evolved as a way to use up leftover meats, and stretch the leftovers to last a whole week. But I have decided to concentrate on sukuma wiki because it is cheaper to grow,” he says. This is a vegetable that most households grow if they have the space, and it is also cheap to buy, highly nutricious and delicious. Choose a cloudy day to do this or do so in the early morning (6-10am) or evenings (4-7pm), this is to reduce plant stress from direct sunlight. Have learnt a lot. The market for Sukuma Wiki include:-, Am very much content with the information given but only asking the similarities of the two collard varieties, In reply to Am very much contented with… by Odhiambo Pheli…. Sprinkle on the plant roots and leaves, dilute in the ratio of 1 part plant tea to 3 parts water and use a maximum of one cup per plant. At this stage, the plant will be experiencing extensive leaf growth, so fertilisation is key. When the gunia is about 30-45 cm filled, take a container (you can use 2kg tin commonly known as gorogoro) cut off the bottom so that its open on both sides and place it in the middle of the gunia. Individual plants can live up to 20 years & propagated by cuttings. She learned how to plant crops in multistage gardens, tins, and on ridges. Because it is cheap but nutritious, sukuma wiki has become a lifeline for millions of people living in Kenya. The literal translation means to 'stretch the week' or 'push the week.' It will look like you are drawing circles around the stone patch. The literal translation of the phrase 'sukuma wiki' is to "push the week" or "stretch the week". Sukuma and spinach seeds have to be grown in a nursery for four weeks before being transplanted to the garden. [1] Contents. Thanks for this page. Collard greens are available all year round in these regions, which makes them easily affordable. Urbanisation is here to stay and as population increases in urban areas, the cost of food shoots, vegetable shortages bite, in addition to rising concern about the health safety of vegetables consumed in cities like Nairobi. Thanks. Secrets of success from Eliud Kipchoge, the greatest marathon runner ever. Individual plants can live up to 20 years & propagated by cuttings. This should be only done where soils are poor, Apply one teaspoon of DAP or TSP on the planting garden before transplanting in the ratio of one teaspoon per hole, Top dress with one teaspoon of CAN per hole, 2 weeks after transplanting, When the leaves start to fold, top-dress CAN, at the rate of one teaspoon per hole, Harvesting Sukuma Wiki and Post Harvest Care, Schools, hospitals and other institutions, Passion Fruit Farming Guide for 2021. A cool-weather loving green, spinach is a fast-growing relative of beets and Swiss chard. Sukuma Wiki is a Kenyan Staple food and has high market demand. Greetings, you will need approximately 20,000sh to grow an acre sukuma wiki if you have already acquired land. Thank you so much. The name means "pushing out the week". The smell is also a great pest repellant and will keep your plants’ pest free. This is a very popular veggie in East Africa, it is called 'Sukuma Wiki', meaning 'push the week' because it is consumed almost every day in most homes.Tree collards are one of the easiest vegetables to grow in a home garden. A 50 kg gunia should handle a maximum of 35 plants but feel free to experiment with more. In 2017, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) released the Africa Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition Report, which indicated that 22.7 percent of people in sub-Sahara are chronically undernourished. He is a freelance writer ( engage me at www.writegarage.com), skilled in crafting engaging content; from fintech to marketing techniques, startup culture, business development, analysis...the list goes on ..the only thing that keeps him up is the fact that anyone can change the world. Sukuma Wiki is made out of any leafy green vegetable, mainly collards or kale. After three days, your Sukuma/spinach will have germinated, water daily and after four weeks they will be ready to be taken to the gunia or your backyard. You will have healthier soil and a better crop. Mfalme F1 can tolerate some pests and diseases. The mulch can be removed after germination. He is an entrepreneur, a lover of stories and a member of Rotaract. Topdressing with CAN, only of poor soils, should be done 2 weeks after germination. After much thinking about each vegetable’s growth characteristics, growing conditions, ease of management, and potential yield, I came to one conclusion. 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