Seed germination rate is good to excellent. The rapid rate at which buffalo grass can regenerate after harvest (sod removal) has meant that vegetative methods of establishment remain the preferred method for cultivation (Aldous et al., 2014). Early spring, early summer and early fall are good times of year to plant seeds. Maintaining a well-draining and nutrient-rich soil structure contributes to summer grass growing success because the ground holds the water longer for root uptake. If you have quality seeds, they germinate in approximately seven days in optimum conditions. The spreading stolons quickly fill the area for a dense turf that suffocates any struggling weeds. If Buffalo grass is maintained too high, then growth rates and thatch can increase more rapidly. Ryegrass varieties may sprout from seed in as little as 5 days, while species such as Bermuda and Buffalo grass may take as long as 30 days. Usually you will only have to seed buffalograss at a rate of 1 ½ to 2 lbs. These traits significantly reduce labor, irrigation, mowing and fertilization costs. Faster establishment, higher density, lower growth rate, excellent winter hardiness, low water requirement, darker color, fine texture and a wide area of adaptation give Cody the edge as the choice for low maintenance areas. As summertime breezes float over the hills and plains of Texas, Texans long to walk barefoot through their own bit of prairie. Prairie is the only true native grass in North America and is recommended for use as a minimal maintenance turfgrass. Buffalograss has a stoloniferous growth habit, … Buffalograss needs soil temperatures that are above 60⁰ F for germination to start. Other factors include contact, presence, and consistency of moisture plus the age and quality of the seed. We apply a broadleaf weed control in the fall to eliminate henbit, dandelions, bindweed and other broadleaf weeds. Wait until soil temperatures range between 70 and 80 F for any seeding projects -- establishing buffalo grass in midspring to midsummer is the best time for this soil temperature. Dyck Arboretum of the Plains is affiliated with Summary. Buffalo grass needs the warmth for rapid establishment. A drop spreader will improve evenness, but you can also seed by hand or with a shoulder spreader. The arboretum has benefitted from the established stands of buffalograss we maintain. Grass seed germination rates depend on the species of the seed you spread. Optimal Germination Temperature for Fine Fescue, North Carolina State University: Grass Selection, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: Native Lawns: Buffalograss, Devil Mountain Wholesale Nursery: Buchloe Dactyloides Plug, Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service: Buffalograss Lawns, University of Missouri Extension: Growing Buffalograss, University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Planting and Management Tips for Buffalograss, The Temperature Range for Winter Rye Grass, The Growth of Bahia Grass vs. Centipede Grass. ‘Palmetto’ are softer and have improved shade tolerance). As the stem touches the soil, it grows new roots to support the stem and foliage above. Writing professionally since 2010, Amy Rodriguez cultivates successful cacti, succulents, bulbs, carnivorous plants and orchids at home. After seeding, rake the area to bury buffalo grass seed ¼–½ inch deep. Choose the store or farm location nearest to you to check availability and price. Summer plantings tend to have fewer weeds because of rapid establishment. A Buffalo lawn which is regularly cut too short will result in greater water evaporation from the soil, a stressed lawn and increased water usage. This native grass is a sod-forming species and uses water efficiently, having adapted over thousands of years to the periodic and prolonged droughts characteristic of the region. To avoid a brown lawn for winter, you can overseed with a cool-season turf species. The most common diseases encountered are listed below: Brown Patch Disease. There are new forms being discovered and introduced every year, but the forms we have used at the arboretum have been Cody, Bowie, and Bison. Air temperature and soil to seed are a few factors that determine germination rates. Individual leaf blades may reach 10 to 12 inches in length, but they fall over and give the turf a short appearance. Buffalograss is a low growing, commonly only 8 to 10 inches high, warm season perennial grass. Seed improved cultivars of this grass no deeper than ¼ inch on fine textured soils and ¾ inch on coarser textured soils. After germination, buffalo grass remains close to the ground and begins to spread after four weeks. This spreading strategy explains this turf's easy management characteristic -- it expends its energy into horizontal spreading rather than tall, grass blade growth. Vigorous Growth Period growth rates of buffalograss compared to common bermudagrass (C. dactylon) under uniform and optimum growing conditions. Sundancer should be planted in locations receiving at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day. We seeded them in June or July at a rate of 2-3 lbs. Seed… It thrives in our clay soils and stays relatively low. Fall, buffalo grass grows rapidly in summer amount you should have locations receiving at 6-8. 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