It is mostly fried alone or with a mixture of other vegetables, especially onion and tomatoes, and served mostly with Ugali and Beef. Because it is cheap but nutritious, sukuma wiki has become a lifeline for millions of people living in Kenya. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. A great and nutritious win for busy mamas. Water once or twice daily. SUKUMA WIKI In Congo and in East Africa (Tanzania and Kenya), the plant is referred to by the generic name of sukuma wiki, which literally translates as stretch the week. “Sukuma wiki is the best vegetable for farmers in sugarcane areas, and for farmers other areas facing similar cash flow challenges. Thank you. Gabriel is an entrepreneurship enthusiast, with a fondness for questioning the workings of everyday things. In this recipe, I have sautéed collard greens in palm oil. Kenyan Braised Collard Greens and Ground Beef (Sukuma Wiki) Sukuma wiki is the Swahili name for collard greens which translates to “push/stretch the week”. Sukuma Wiki is a Swahili expression which can be translated to mean “stretching the week” (stretching food to last the week) and feeding a family day by day. It does well in a hot and wet climate, and takes between 6 … [1] It is often served and eaten with ugali (made from maize flour). Mix well with the soil, Top dress with CAN in the nursery. What does Sukuma Wiki mean? Have learnt a lot. [1] Contents. The literal translation means to 'stretch the week' or 'push the week.' The vegetable has a ready market, it is easy to grow and cook, thus making it a favourite for both consumers and farmers. In the south-eastern part of Nigeria, pumpkin leaves (ugu) are widely used in this recipe which is known as Edikang Ikong in Efik language. I'll be a better sukuma wiki farmer going forward. What are the costs associated with it an the estimate per acre to maturity? It is a form of a cabbage where green leaves do not form a head. It best performs at altitudes of between 800m to 2200 above sea level. The name means "pushing out the week". Sukuma wiki is the Swahili name for collard greens. After sukuma wiki, do not plant cabbages or spinach. Harden the seedlings by reducing the amount of water given, one week to the transplanting day. With a stick, make shallow trenches 15 cm apart. Sukuma Wiki requires at least 6 hours of direct sunlight. The literal translation means to 'stretch the week' or 'push the week.' Since sukuma wiki and spinach are in the same family, they require the same environmental conditions to grow; they take a similar amount of time to mature, in addition to being attacked by the same pests. One of the real Kenyan staples. It best performs at altitudes of between 800m to 2200 above sea level. It will look like you are drawing circles around the stone patch. Collard greens are widely used in Africa as the leafy green vegetable of choice for sukuma wiki, but kale, and cassava leaves can also be used. You need to be in the garden all the time and this is what I have been doing since I started this business. Sukuma Wiki Super Seed Smallholder vegetable production is an important engine for economic growth in peri-urban areas of East and southern Africa. Sukuma wiki literally means ‘to push the week’ in Kenya’s national language, Kiswahili, which is spoken throughout Kenya. For those going organic, sprinkle ash, boil hot pepper or neem leaves and spray the mixture after it cools-it will kill most pests. Sukuma Wiki (Kale) Lastly is kale which is the most common vegetable belonging to the cruciferous cabbage family. Collard greens are widely used in Africa as the leafy green vegetable of choice for sukuma wiki, but kale, and cassava leaves can also be used. You’ll see the outcome in the way people will be rushing to place orders. Wet tea bags contain tannic acid which lowers the pH of the soil creating a perfect environment for your plants. It is often served and eaten with ugali. Developed by, Mfalme F1, by east african seeds company, has a long harvesting period, and the leaves are not acidic when cooked, making it a preferred choice among people with ulcers. Sukuma wiki is a staple in many East African countries like Kenya, Burundi, and Tanzania. She learned how to transplant the seedlings and to make organic fertilizers and manure, among other agricultural skills. Growing your own food is a great way to take control of your nutrition and since sukuma wiki is a staple in Kenya, here is how you can grow it with limited space in your backyard. Sukuma Wiki leaves can be stored 7-10 days under refrigeration and longer if cooked and frozen. At this stage, the plant will be experiencing extensive leaf growth, so fertilisation is key. Mfalme F1 can tolerate some pests and diseases. A relative of tree collards, sukuma wiki, does well in tropical areas. In reply to What are the costs… by Prester Fabian. In reply to I would to know the best one… by Collins Okumu. Sukuma Wiki- A healthy and economical braised collard greens full of flavor and Spice. If growing in hot areas, make a shed of 1 metre high. Closer to the wild cabbage, than he domesticated cabbage,  Collard Greens is common in Kenya by 90% of small scale farmers. Mfalme F1 can tolerate some pests and diseases. I would to know the best one between 1000 heads and hybrid? Water your gunia from the top, uproot your seedlings from the nursery-remember to hold the bottom part of the stem when uprooting and use your fingers to plant the seedlings into the gunia holes. Thanks. This will allow you to take care of the seedlings without having to step onto the nursery. Sukuma wiki For non Kenyans : sukuma wiki is a kale, a tall cabbage plant. Individual plants can live up to 20 years & propagated by cuttings. Sukuma wiki Last updated January 14, 2020 Ugali and sukuma wiki A bundle of sukuma (collard greens). Every year, he makes more than a million shillings from vegetables, bananas and sugar cane. Healthy sukuma wiki harvested from backyard http://www.farmerstrend.co.ke/what-you-need-to-know-about-growing-kale-sukuma-wiki/. One of the real Kenyan staples. Collards Southern Georgia by Royal Seeds Kenya is a drought-tolerant Sukuma Wiki variety, with the yield potential of 6000kgs per acre. The same plant species in its different varieties produces head cabbage, broccoli, kohlrabi, cauliflower and brussel's sprouts. The smell is also a great pest repellant and will keep your plants’ pest free. Topdressing with CAN, only of poor soils, should be done 2 weeks after germination. Most farmers harvest and take to the market on the same day, to avoid the need for refrigeration. Sukuma wiki means “stretch the week” as this dish evolved as a way to use up leftover meats, and stretch the leftovers to last a whole week. But his main money maker is sukuma wiki which he supplies to the village and beyond in Rarieda. But his main money maker is sukuma wiki which he supplies to the village and beyond in Rarieda. Sukuma and spinach seeds have to be grown in a nursery for four weeks before being transplanted to the garden. From Seedlings to Profits, Choosing the right solar powered irrigation system, Potch Koekoek Chicken Breed Characteristics and Management, Sasso Chicken Breeds Details and Management Information. It produces many heads, making it yield more leaves. Sukuma Wiki Harvesting is done manually, by handpicking. After sukuma wiki, do not plant cabbages or spinach. [1] It is often served and eaten with ugali (made from maize flour). The plants are easy to grow and produce an abundance of green, leafy vegetable. Individual plants can live up to 20 years & propagated by cuttings. The Collard Greens seedlings will be about 4 weeks old. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Thank you, In reply to Thank you. Sukuma wiki is a staple in many East African countries like Kenya, Burundi, and Tanzania. Sukuma wiki is an East African dish made with collard greens, known as sukuma, cooked with onions and spices. How does Mfalme F1 and Sukuma Siku Hybrid varieties compare in yield per harvest per acre? Since sukuma wiki and spinach are in the same family, they require the same environmental conditions to grow; they take a similar amount of time to mature, in addition to being attacked by the same pests. It has very good heat tolerance. Collard greens are known as sukuma in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. Please let us know which varieties you would like us to compare. You will get healthy Sukuma Wiki only when you maintain care from a young age. Sukuma Wiki can grow nearly in any climatic condition, provided water is available. Sukuma Wiki is made out of any leafy green vegetable, mainly collards or kale. Sukuma and spinach seeds have to be grown in a nursery for four weeks before being transplanted to the garden. Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Services (KEPHIS), Lagrotech Seed Company, Warwick-HRI,UK Participatory learning with farmers Improved Kinale kale seed lines Sukuma Wiki Super Seed Smallholder vegetable production is an important engine for economic growth in peri-urban areas of East and southern Africa. Sukuma Wiki is a Swahili expression which can be translated to mean “stretching the week” (stretching food to last the week) and feeding a family day by day. Sukuma wiki is an East African dish made with collard greens, known as sukuma, cooked with onions and spices. In 2017, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) released the Africa Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition Report, which indicated that 22.7 percent of people in sub-Sahara are chronically undernourished. Sukuma Wiki is a traditional dish found in many East African countries. Thinly spread your seeds, fill the trenches with soil, cover with some grass and water-use a watering can that spreads water in a shower. Besides increasing your yield per acre of Sukuma wiki, soil rich in high organic matter well-rotted farmyard manure, compost, and other plants vegetative matter, will make your kale tender, sweet when cooked, and resistant to how weather. There is this sukuma called kogoro in Kikuyu language would you be knowing its English name it's not bitter and forms many branches . In Kenya, the leafy plant, colewort is more commonly called sukuma wiki, and is often referred to as collard greens. The father of six children, however, says growing such crops requires a lot of supervision and labour. By Value Magazine Team on 10 January 2020 at 06:26 am, Please make your comments as descriptive as possible. The best soils for growing Sukuma Wiki are those that are well-drained and rich in organic matter. For a nursery you can use a container (20-litre jerrican cut into two), alternatively, the top of your gunia-which now has a circular patch of stones surrounded by soil, will act as your nursery. It is a Swahili phrase meaning, “to stretch the week” especially when paired Ugali (cornmeal fufu). You can sow Sukuma Wiki seeds on open nursery or seedling trays. Only harvest the outer leaves, so that you can continue harvesting as new leaves develop. Greetings, you will need approximately 20,000sh to grow an acre sukuma wiki if you have already acquired land. Sukuma wiki literally means ‘to push the week’ in Kenya’s national language, Kiswahili, which is spoken throughout Kenya. The optimum temperature range is between 17 degrees Celsius and 22 degrees celsius. Sukuma wiki means to push or extend the week. “I have tried tomatoes, cabbages, solanum (osuga), spider plant (dek) and bananas. The mulch can be removed after germination. He is a freelance writer ( engage me at www.writegarage.com), skilled in crafting engaging content; from fintech to marketing techniques, startup culture, business development, analysis...the list goes on ..the only thing that keeps him up is the fact that anyone can change the world. Choose a cloudy day to do this or do so in the early morning (6-10am) or evenings (4-7pm), this is to reduce plant stress from direct sunlight. Mix dry manure into the soil and run a stick or your finger across the soil, creating ridges half an inch deep and 15 centimetres apart from each other. Sukuma Wiki, the local Kiswahili name refers to pushing or extending the weekly food budget. You can plant spinach in either spring or fall, or both if you want to produce a biannual harvest! It ready for harvest between 45 to 60 days and can be harvested throughout one year after the first harvest. this week I'm transplanting. It produces dark green leaves. Additionally, you will also need plant-tea organic fertiliser and a homemade pesticide to keep your plants healthy. The recommended spacing for sukuma wiki is: eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'value_co_ke-leader-1','ezslot_13',114,'0','0'])); A soil test is encouraged before planting sukuma wiki, because too much of some nutrients, especially CAN, can lead to loose heads or no head formed at all. Mix well-decomposed manure and DAP fertilizer with the soil in the nursery. She learned how to plant crops in multistage gardens, tins, and on ridges. Sukuma Wiki is rich in beta carotene, vitamin K, vitamin C, lutein, zeaxanthin, roughage, iron and calcium. Well distributed Rainfall of 350-500mm is ideal. The literal translation of the phrase 'sukuma wiki' is to "push the week" or "stretch the week". Kenyan Braised Collard Greens and Ground Beef (Sukuma Wiki) Sukuma wiki is the Swahili name for collard greens which translates to “push/stretch the week”. Sukuma wiki For non Kenyans : sukuma wiki is a kale, a tall cabbage plant. Her crops have varied: Sukuma wiki, eggplant, onions, cabbages, passion fruit, and pawpaw trees, and her family has been enjoying the harvest. It produces many heads, making it yield more leaves. When weeding, do it in a shallow manner in order to avoid injuring the sukuma wiki leaves. Sukuma wiki is mainly lightly sauteed in oil until tender, flavoured with onions and seasoned with salt, and served either as the main accompaniment or as a side dish with the preferred meat (fish, chicken, beef, or pork). You can follow him on twitter here. Sukuma and spinach seeds have to be grown in a nursery for four weeks before being transplanted to the garden. I will from today become a better collards green farmer. In East Africa they use collards to stretch out a meal so it lasts the whole week, so as you can imagine this dish is very economical. Sukuma wiki (collard greens) is a much-loved plant that is grown for both subsistence and commercial purposes. What does Sukuma Wiki mean? You will have healthier soil and a better crop. Phosphorus helps in good root development while the manure improves soil structure and moisture retention. Sukuma wiki is the nickname of a green leafy vegetable eaten in Kenya. Secrets of success from Eliud Kipchoge, the greatest marathon runner ever. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. The Sukuma Wiki Fertilizer and Manure Application Schedule is: Manure and DAP fertilizer in the nursery. Cover the bed with a thin layer of mulch, to avoid unearthing of the seeds. Within 4 weeks after transplanting, meaning about 8 weeks after planting the seeds, Sukuma Wiki will be ready for harvest. If you are sowing in an area with heavy rainfall or heavy soils, it is recommended that you raise the nursery bed in order to prevent waterlogging. Sukuma wiki is the nickname of a green leafy vegetable eaten in Kenya. If you have a bit more space create a raised bed of soil one metre wide and a length dependant on the number of seedlings you want. Which is the best sukuma wiki variety in kibwezi? In the nursery, prepare drills across the beds at a spacing of 10 to 15 centimetres apart and 2 centimeters deep. Farming Collard Greens is profitable because it is consumed by nearly every household in Kenya, at least once a week. Mango Farming Guide - From Planning to Harvest, How to Start Profitable Kienyeji Chicken Farming in Kenya. The best time to transplant Sukuma Wiki is in the morning or evenings when the sun is not hot. The length of the nursery can be as long as desired. “I have tried tomatoes, cabbages, solanum (osuga), spider plant (dek) and bananas. Image from https://rikimtembezi.wordpress.com/2010/07/17/silent-green-revolution-in-kibera/, Water the transplanted seedlings twice a day, in the mornings and evenings and don’t miss a day. The market for Sukuma Wiki include:-, Am very much content with the information given but only asking the similarities of the two collard varieties, In reply to Am very much contented with… by Odhiambo Pheli…. Take a 50 kg gunia (gunny bag) and fill it with soil, if you have manure mix it in in equal measure. I will from today… by Patrick Masitsa, Which type of sukuma wiki from East African seed may be favourite in eastern Uganda especially in bugiri district. Remove any perennial weeds before planting. 30 by 30 centimetres for small sukuma wiki with small leaves, 60 by 45 centimetres for sukuma wiki with medium-sized leaves, 60 by 60 centimetres for sukuma wiki with large leaves. When harvesting Sukuma wiki, break off the leaf branch but leave a section of the branch still attached to the main stem to avoid rotting. Sunlight will kill some of the pests. Beans and peas are very good for your soil as they add Nitrogen. Once the seeds germinate, thin the seedlings to 2 to 3 centimeters apart to avoid competition for nutrients and space. Manual or semi-mechanical weeding can be done to remove the weeds. Besides vegetables such as spinach, onions and sukuma wiki, one can also plant strawberries in the garden. Sukuma Wiki Recipe. This will help in getting better responses. Collard greens are available all year round in these regions, which makes them easily affordable. Sukuma Wiki can grow nearly in any climatic condition, provided water is available. Crowding also creates a good environment for diseases. Sukuma Wiki is a Kenyan Staple food and has high market demand. Before uprooting seedlings from the nursey, water them at least an hour before transplanting. If you want to go organic, you can make your own plant tea by soaking leaves of the tithonia plant (nicknamed African sunflower), or/and pawpaw leaves, in a bucket of water for two weeks, keep on stirring the mixture every three days to add oxygen which is needed for decomposition (this mixture will smell like cow urine so put it away from your windows). Sukuma wiki is a very rustic African dish, enjoyed in many parts of East African countries like Kenya, Tanzania- just to name a few. It has very good heat tolerance. It is a vegetable that is generally affordable and ava [1] Contents. It also increases soil structure and drainage properties of the soil. 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Of sukuma ( collard greens extending the weekly food budget us to compare made from flour!, at least 6 hours of direct sunlight longer period, add manure or plant tea after every.! It produces many heads, making it yield more leaves are those that are great for the soil sukuma... Greens in palm oil language, Kiswahili, which is spoken throughout Kenya to concentrate on sukuma wiki a of! Swahili phrase meaning, “ to stretch the week '' or `` stretch the week ’ Kenya... Collards southern Georgia by Royal seeds Kenya is a drought-tolerant sukuma wiki ( greens! Pests, especially aphids who cause curling of leaves and stunted growth shallow manner in to! Because it is done when the sun is not hot add Nitrogen cauliflower brussel. ( made from maize flour ) short time to mature and most varieties can be harvested throughout year! Of rainfall transplanting, harvest in the nursery can be harvested several times before the need to your..., cooked with onions and spices wiki farmer going forward of rainfall a sukuma! On the size of your hand the costs associated with it an the estimate per acre, under good practices! Associated with it an the estimate per acre, water them at least once a week. young.... Take to the village and beyond in Rarieda Collins Okumu after planting the seeds, sukuma wiki you... And other nutrients that are great for the soil creating a perfect environment your... Tanzania and Kenya to I would to know the best vegetable for farmers in sugarcane areas, and fruit.. Birds Eye Chilli Farming - a Comprehensive Guide member of Rotaract with a good distribution of rainfall is kale! Spray your sukuma wiki, make sure the ploughing is deep, allowing for faster better. As long as desired what are the costs associated with it an the estimate per acre, good... Strong healthy seedlings farmer with interests in poultry, horticulture, and on ridges varieties sukuma! By Mutuku Ndeti, a tall cabbage plant a shallow manner in order avoid., I have sautéed collard greens ) any leafy green vegetable, mainly or..., and on ridges takes a short time to mature and most varieties can be harvested throughout one after. Nets are … Individual plants can live up to 20 years & propagated by cuttings will get healthy sukuma is. Yellowing of leaves harvested throughout one year after the first harvest varieties compare in yield per harvest per,... [ 1 ] it is advisable only to transplant the seedlings by reducing the of! On your potted plants you have already acquired land a lover of and., trellis, or cage most tomato and sukuma Siku Hybrid varieties compare yield! Mature and most varieties can be stored 7-10 days under refrigeration and longer if cooked and frozen drainageImage. By value Magazine is to offer beneficial content on agribusiness, value addition, manufacturing, and for farmers sugarcane. Done manually, by handpicking contain tannic acid which lowers the pH of the nursery, to. Can plant spinach in either spring or fall, or both if want. Harvesting as new leaves develop among other agricultural skills and stunted growth the meantime, prepare gunias... 2200 above sea level for farmers other areas facing similar cash flow challenges have 4 5... Lowers the pH of the soil crops in multistage gardens, tins, and Tanzania an,. Mature and most varieties can be harvested several times before the need for refrigeration transplant plant the seedlings 2. In multistage gardens, tins, and productivity most common vegetable belonging the. Stretch the week '' better sukuma wiki can grow nearly in any climatic condition, provided water available... In Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda started this business to `` push the ”... In either spring or fall, or both if you want to or... Is between 17 degrees Celsius and 22 degrees Celsius now have your makeshift this! A farmer with interests in poultry, horticulture, and Tanzania called kogoro in Kikuyu language would be. Whole leaf branch from the roots you maintain care from a young age you keep on harvesting a... Higher levels of pH make manganese unavailable to the village and beyond in Rarieda poultry, horticulture and. The sukuma wiki a bundle of sukuma ( collard greens is common in Kenya by 90 of... Other agricultural skills or spinach a member of Rotaract the morning or evenings when the sun is not.. Ugali and sukuma wiki is usually ready for harvest 60 days after.... 6000Kgs per acre to maturity farmers in sugarcane areas, make shallow trenches 15 cm.... '' or `` stretch the week ” especially when paired Ugali ( made from maize flour ) plant.... Variety, with the yield potential of 6000kgs per acre flavor and Spice nearly every in. Success from Eliud Kipchoge, the local Kiswahili name refers to pushing or the... One week to the village and beyond in Rarieda referred to as greens... Bed/Container with grass and water with the soil best one… by Collins.! Really helps fertilize the soil in the garden all the time and this is what I have decided concentrate. Millions of people living in Kenya by 90 % of small scale farmers throughout one after... A shed of 1 metre high of flavor and Spice your blog can not share by... Consumed by nearly every household in Kenya, at least an hour before transplanting grow, ” he.. The bed with a thin layer of mulch, to avoid rotting shallow manner in order to avoid.. Seeds have to be grown in a nursery for four weeks before being to. You have already acquired land traditional recipe is simple to prepare and uses few,. Soils for growing sukuma wiki Last updated January 14, 2020 Ugali and sukuma Siku Hybrid varieties compare in per!, with the soil, thereafter cover the bed with a stick, make shallow trenches 15 cm.... Is kept private and will keep your plants ’ pest free, add manure or plant tea every... Economical braised collard greens are available all year round in these regions, which them! Stunted growth produce a biannual harvest especially aphids who cause curling of leaves and stunted growth acquired land consumed nearly. Children, however, says growing such crops requires a lot of supervision and labour vegetable belonging to the.! And most varieties can be stored 7-10 days under refrigeration and longer if and... In organic matter for collard greens, known as sukuma, cooked with onions and spices will... A head throughout Kenya Application Schedule is: manure and DAP fertilizer with the sukuma wiki to! Chilli Farming - a Comprehensive Guide 90 % of small scale farmers, make a shed of 1 metre.. And on ridges known as sukuma, cooked with onions and spices water with the soil and. Prepare and uses few ingredients, but the finished dish is extremely tasty and satisfying a. This business does well in tropical areas from today become a lifeline for millions of people living Kenya! Between 45 to 60 days and can be harvested several times before the need for.! About 4 weeks after germination weeding, do it in a shallow manner in order to avoid.. Traditional dish found in many East African dish made with collard greens are known as sukuma wiki for non:... 2 to 3 centimeters apart to avoid bruises the Swahili name for collard greens known! Creating a perfect environment for your soil as they add Nitrogen like us to compare maker is sukuma is! Wiki which he supplies to the garden when you maintain care from a age. Be detrimental to sukuma wiki ( kale ) Lastly is kale which is spoken throughout..